The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), implemented by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts on behalf of the European Commission with funding from the EU, routinely publishes monthly climate bulletins reporting on the changes observed in global surface air temperature, sea ice cover and hydrological variables. All the reported findings are based on computer-generated analyses using billions of measurements from satellites, ships, aircraft and weather stations around the world.
February 2023 – temperature highlights:
- February 2023 was the fifth warmest globally
- Most of Europe had above-average air temperatures, particularly northern Norway and Sweden, and the Svalbard region
- Above-average temperatures occurred in the eastern United States, northern Russia, and in Pakistan and India
- Below-average temperatures were experienced across the Iberian Peninsula, Türkiye, the western United States, Canada, northeast Russia, and northern Australia
February 2023 – Sea ice highlights:
- Antarctic sea ice reached its lowest monthly extent in the satellite data record, at 34% below the average for February, breaking the previous record of February 2017.
- Antarctic daily sea ice extent also reached an all-time minimum, surpassing the previous record set in February 2022.
- Sea ice concentrations were much below-average in all sectors of the Southern Ocean.
- Arctic sea ice extent was 4% below average, ranking 2nd lowest for February in the satellite data record, jointly with February 2016 and 2017.
- Arctic sea ice concentrations were most below-average in the Barents Sea and Svalbard region.
According to Samantha Burgess, Deputy Director of C3S, “Our latest data show that Antarctic sea ice reached its lowest extent in the 45-year satellite data record. These low sea ice conditions may have important implications for the stability of Antarctic ice shelves and ultimately for global sea level rise.”
“Polar ice caps are a sensitive indicator of the climate crisis and it is important to closely monitor the changes occurring there.”
Hydro highlights for February 2023:
- In February 2023, most of western and southern Europe experienced drier-than-average conditions, several regions saw record low levels of soil moisture.
- Beyond Europe, it was wetter than average in southern USA, regions of Russia, central and eastern Asia, northern Australia, southern Brazil, south-eastern Africa and New Zealand. In many cases, heavy precipitation, sometimes associated with cyclones, led to flooding.
- Among the drier-than-average regions were parts of South America, which experienced drought and wildfires, as well as southern Australia and west of southern Africa.
Boreal winter 2022/2023
- Winter was the joint second warmest on record for Europe, with much above-average temperatures over eastern Europe and parts of north-eastern Europe
- Boreal winter was drier than average for much of western and south-eastern Europe, as well as regions of Russia. Wetter-than-average conditions established over parts of Iberia and in a large southwest to northeast region across the continent.
- It was wetter than average also in the west of North America, western Russia, part of central Asia, north Australia, southern Brazil and southern Africa. Drier-than-average regions included Mexico, most of Central Asia, the Horn of Africa, south Australia and much of South America.
The large positive temperature anomalies for February 2023 in northern Italy are related to a data issue in ERA5 and should be regarded with caution. The problem is very localised and does not invalidate the numbers and ranking for Europe.