Digital Data Via Analogue Signal Forms

Digital Data Via Analogue...

It is a contradiction of sorts; most field devices on the ends of 4-20 mA current loops have become so smart that the transmission systems connecting them cannot handle the additional information. In a world in which economic success increasingly depends on data-driven process optimization and process automation, not being able to access all necessary information is no longer an option. But to rip and replace an existing and functioning infrastructure, just to achieve the necessary bandwidth for data transmission, makes neither economic norecological sense....

It is a contradiction of sorts; most field devices on the ends of 4-20 mA current loops have become so smart that the transmission systems connecting them cannot handle the additional information. In a world in which economic success increasingly depends on data-driven process optimization and process automation, not being able to access all necessary information is no longer an...

It is a contradiction of sorts; most field devices on the ends of 4-20 mA current loops have become so smart that the transmission systems connecting them cannot...

Shaping a Safer Atmosphere

Shaping a Safer Atmosphere

Fifty years of evolving legislation have helped reduce the damage vehicle emissions inflict on the world’s atmosphere. Today, as we stand on the threshold of a new era of multiple fuel and powertrain choices, the challenge of establishing an all-encompassing set of rules is even greater. It was back in 1966 that the state of California introduced the world’s first legislation to curb tailpipe emissions. Ever since then, the debate over the extension of these exhaust standards has been intense and often bitter, confronting the...

Fifty years of evolving legislation have helped reduce the damage vehicle emissions inflict on the world’s atmosphere. Today, as we stand on the threshold of a new era of multiple fuel and powertrain choices, the challenge of establishing an all-encompassing set of rules is even greater. It was back in 1966 that the state of California introduced the world’s first...

Fifty years of evolving legislation have helped reduce the damage vehicle emissions inflict on the world’s atmosphere. Today, as we stand on the threshold of a new era...

Cottoning Onto Pollution

Cottoning Onto Pollution

It’s no secret that the global textile industry is one of the most polluting out there. Some reports indicate that it contributes more to climate change than aviation and international shipping combined, and it’s a growing problem.  Global fibre production has more than doubled in the last 20 years and looks set to continue unless there are big shifts in the current model of production and consumption. Fortunately, it’s not an entirely bleak picture, and there are great examples of good practice that seek to...

It’s no secret that the global textile industry is one of the most polluting out there. Some reports indicate that it contributes more to climate change than aviation and international shipping combined, and it’s a growing problem.  Global fibre production has more than doubled in the last 20 years and looks set to continue unless there are big shifts in...

It’s no secret that the global textile industry is one of the most polluting out there. Some reports indicate that it contributes more to climate change than aviation...

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